If statistics are anything to go by, one out of every 20 patients hospitalized are attacked by an infectious disease. With the changes in the environment and lifestyles, newer diseases are being discovered by medical science that people are increasingly becoming susceptible to. While infectious diseases are dangerous and deadly, the good news is that they can be controlled. There are various ways of controlling infections that are not only effective in preventing infections, but are also remarkably cost effective.
Stated below are the top 5 strategies for infection prevention and control:
1. Hand Sanitation
Since the medical procedures and operations are completed by hands, the basic approach at preventing and controlling infection is to keep your hands clean. Members of the surgical team must make sure that they wash their hands and forearms prior to wearing sterile gloves and proceeding with the surgery. Attempts must be made at cleaning ones hands and the equipment to be used during procedures to prevent germs and bacteria from entering the patient’s body.
2. Environmental Sanitation
The open environment contains an infinite number of viruses and bacteria that can easily enter the human body. These bacteria can survive in the atmosphere from days to months. Once a person comes in contact with bacterial surfaces, they transmit into the human body and cause infection. In such a situation, efforts must be made towards keeping the environment clean and safe. Multi-disciplinary environmental teams must be involved to ensure a cleaner, sanitary environment. While one person cannot make the surrounding hygienic, it must be a joint effort in keeping the environment germs and bacteria-free.
3. Consistent Patient Screening
Patients must be screened on a regular basis for any signs of occurrence of infectious diseases. Moreover, the infected patients should be located in a specific area altogether to ensure that the rest of the patients do not get infected due to cross infections. The medical team must also adhere to the specific protocols, guidelines and instructions that have been assigned to them by the medical organization.
4. Vaccine for Administrative Staff
Many a times, when treating the infected patients, the medical staff becomes susceptible to the diseases. When they treat and cure patient-to-patient, there are chances that the infection is spreading likewise. To prevent this, in addition to the patients, medical organizations must vaccinate their staff and doctors on a regular basis. At the end of the day, healthy healthcare providers can make a patient healthy.
5. Infection Surveillance Program
Organizations must jointly gather data on infection control patterns, protocols and procedures within their facilities and share them with one another to come up with better anti-infection solutions. The diseases, their outcomes and processes must all be discussed with relevant stakeholders in order to take better care of patients, ensuring their safety.
In order to successfully work towards the aforementioned strategies, high quality medical supplies will be required, which are not only sterile but effective.